HISTORY OF WINE FASHION ITALY
Italy occupies a leading position in the world ranking of wine production. Despite the fact that in Italy itself the level of wine consumption is decreasing annually, production is constantly growing. Today Italians produce about 60 million hectoliters of wine per year. Areas of mass wine production are Sicily, Lazio, Venice and Apully.
It all began with the Greeks …
It was the Greeks in the X century BC. er began to explore the Mediterranean, and during their colonial campaigns along the way engaged in the cultivation of grapes. The first points of sale of wine were Sicily and Calabria. From these cities, the vines began to spread to the north of the country. Wine has become the main drink of Italy. One of the outstanding admirers of the noble drink was the writer Vergelia, who repeatedly referred to wine in his writings. Wine was even included in the slaves’ diet, although in truth, only low-grade species were served for them. The enterprising Romans were engaged in winemaking on a serious scale. For storage of the drink they used amphoras. And it should be noted that even then there were wines that were stored for an unusually long time (Olimpiyskoye was drunk 125 years after production), which indicates the quality of the product. We would not have known about these Roman achievements if it were not for the eruption of Vesuvius.
When in the III century the Carthaginians Hannibal attacked Rome, all of southern Italy was already occupied by vineyards. A new breath for winemaking has become the Renaissance. The most famous wine houses (Antinori and Frescoboldi) were founded at this time. But then hard times came: in the 16th century, after the unsuccessful reign of the Medici, Italy fell under the domination of the Spaniards and Hasburg. The general crisis has affected the production of wine. And so it was until the 60s of the 20th century, which became the starting point for the revival of Italian winemaking.
Today in Italy there is practically no place where they are not engaged in winemaking. Of course, not every wine produced here is a quality standard, but Italians are constantly working on it. And thanks to the DOC control, the amount of wine sold in tanks annually decreases, and the production of quality bottled wine increases. But some manufacturers bypass the rules, releasing the wine is not the best quality coming up with fictional names for him. This, of course, does not make Italy’s winemaking better, but allows the manufacturer to experiment. And who knows, maybe by trial and error another Banfi Belnero Toscana or Tommasi Valpolicella will be created.